Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent and chronic diseases of today’s world. Despite various research work and studies have been done in this regard. Still, an effective cure is not available. Ayurveda offers effective, long-lasting, and safe remedies for this chronic disease.
Osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease is a prevalent form of arthritis, affecting millions of people around the globe. Usually called wear-and-tear arthritis, osteoarthritis happens when the shielding cartilage on the edges of bones wears down over the period. It causes pain in joints, inflammation and decreased motion in your joints.
Osteoarthritis can occur in any joint, but normally it affects your knees, hands, hips or spine. Osteoarthritis affects the entire joint, including the nearby muscles, ligaments, underlying bone, joint lining and the joint cover. A variety of causes—inherited, metabolic, developmental and mechanical—may begin processes leading to loss of cartilage.
it mostly affects cartilage, the hard but greasy tissue that caps the ends of bones where they assemble to make a joint. Healthy cartilage enables osseins to glide over one another. It also consumes energy from the shock of physical movement. In osteoarthritis, the facade layer of cartilage splits & wears away. This allows osseins under the cartilage to rub together, making pain, inflammation, and suppression of movement of the joint. Over age, the joint may lose its regular shape. Also, little deposits of bone—called osteophytes or bone spurs—may grow on the edges of the joint. Bits of bone or cartilage can tear off and float inside the joint area. That causes more pain and damage in joints.
Unlike some various forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis concerns hardly joint function. It does not affect skin tissue, the lungs, the eyes, or the blood vessels.
Causes of Osteoarthritis :
Vitiation of Vata Dosha is a cause of Osteoarthritis, Consumption of dry, cold or stale food, irregular sleeping habits, suppression of natural urges, and exposure to severe cold, and dry weather. Due to aging, excessive strain on the joint, any injury to the joint, is the frequent causes of arthritis.
- Moderate to severe pain in joints.
- Stiffness in affected joints especially after resting for a longer span
- Restricted movement of the affected joints with severe swelling.
Sandhivata treatment includes both Samana chikitsa and shodhan chikitsa. Shamana chikitsa includes Ayurveda oral medicines and external applications. Shodana chikitsa includes Ayurveda Panchakarma and Kayakalpa therapies for detoxification and rejuvenation. Healthy diet habits & life style are equally important in maintaining the joint health.
Diet for Osteoarthritis :
Diet of a patient suffering from Osteoarthritis should be freshly cooked and served hot. Soups of lentils, pulses, and meat should be taken by adding ginger and black pepper. Ghee and Oils are necessary for diet as they provide the lubrication to the joints and help in the smooth functioning of joints. The patient should avoid fried, sour, and pungent foods as these cause damage to the degenerated joints.
Exercise for Osteoarthritis :
The patient suffering from Osteoarthritis should do regular moderate exercise so that joint function properly, and the problem does not carry further.
Statutory warning: Self-medication can be very dangerous. Always use ayurvedic medicine under the strict supervision of an ayurvedic doctor.